Anatomy and Functions of the Muscles in the Neck

muscles neck

This article explains the anatomy and functions of the muscles in the neck. The Intertransversarii muscle, Trapezius, Anterior vertebral muscles, and the teres major are included. You can also learn more about the Intertransversarii colli. There are many types of neck muscles, so you’ll probably want to know all of them. Keep reading to learn more! Listed below are some of the most common.

Intertransversarii muscles

The intertransversarii muscles in the neck attach transverse processes to the cervical vertebrae. These muscles could theoretically participate in twisting and bending movements, but experts aren’t sure. They think that contractions of these muscles stabilize the spine. So, how do they work? Here’s a look. Listed below are their functions and a few of their characteristics. To find out more about these muscles, read on.


The trapezius muscle is a large, superficial muscle that extends from the base of the neck and across the shoulders, ending in a point in the middle of the back. The muscle has three main divisions: the anterior, middle, and posterior. The upper part originates from the spine and attaches to the spinous processes of the C7-T12 vertebrae. The posterior section inserts on the acromion and scapula.

Anterior vertebral muscles

The anterior vertebral muscles of the neck are a group of muscle groups in the cervical spine. They are connected to the back of the skull and support the head and neck. There are several different types of vertebral muscles. Each muscle group has distinct functions, but they all contribute to the structure of the neck. Here are some of the most commonly known muscles in the neck:

Intertransversarii colli

The Intertransversarii colli muscles are situated in the neck. The two thoracic intertransversarii muscles are in the lower thoracic region. They do not have subdivisions, and their dorsal rami innervate them. The transversocostal muscles attach to the medial aspects of the first three cervical vertebrae. They may be related to the lower thoracic intertransversarii muscles.

Longus capitis

The longus capitis muscle is a deep, anterior flexor of the neck. The longus muscle is innervated by the anterior rami of the cervical spinal nerves. In addition to flexing the neck, it also stabilizes the neck during swallowing. These muscles are often shortened by common postural dysfunctional patterns. To strengthen the longus muscle, try these exercises:

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