How to Strengthen the Muscles of the Shoulder

The muscles of the shoulder work together to support the arm and help move the shoulder joint. Using the shoulder’s muscles can be helpful when lifting heavy objects and in certain sports. These muscles are essential to performing daily activities and are an essential part of shoulder stabilization. Listed below are some ways to strengthen these muscles. You can also use these exercises to prevent shoulder injuries. To learn more, read on. This article will focus on the Serratus anterior and Trapezius.


The endurance of the trapezius muscle is measured using electric twitch mechanomyography (ETM). Surface electrodes were placed over the left trapezius muscle and a tri-axial accelerometer. Muscles were stimulated for three minutes with 3 different frequencies, which were calculated using acceleration during muscle twitches. This was done on two separate days. The participants’ wrist flexor and vastus lateralis muscles were also measured for comparison purposes. The oxygenation of the muscles was also measured using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS).

The triceps brachii lie on the dorsal surface of the upper arm. This group of muscles comprises three heads originating from the coracoid, scapula, and humerus. They insert on the ulna and help extend the forearm. When stretched, the triceps brachii are the main muscle of the shoulder and a common cause of back pain.

The muscles in the trapezius are controlled by the accessory nerve. The accessory nerve originates in the central nervous system and exits through the foramen of the skull. Muscles in this region are paired with the sternocleidomastoid and intercostobrachial nerves. When paired, they form the trapezius and hyoid arch muscles. These muscles are innervated by the spinal accessory nerve.

Serratus anterior

The serratus anterior is the main upward rotator of the shoulder blade, but it is not the only one. If your serratus anterior muscles are weak, they will have to work extremely hard to do their job. If you have a weakness in this area, you may experience neck pain because the upper trapezius attaches to the upper neck and the skull. Because it is involved in compressing the skull, it can be difficult to use your shoulder without experiencing neck pain.

The serratus anterior muscle is thin and superficial in appearance. To test it, place the patient’s arm at ninety to one hundred degrees with elbow fully extended. Next, have them protract forward. When the patient reaches maximum protraction, the therapist will exert maximal resistance on the arm. The therapist will try to push the scapula into an internal rotation, or winging position.

The serratus anterior muscle is multi-segmented and originates from the upper eight or nine ribs. It connects the scapula to the rib cage and performs the role of protracting and stabilizing the shoulder blade. Serratus anterior muscles also support major muscles in the upper back and chest. But they are the most commonly misunderstood muscles of the shoulder.

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