Several muscle groups in the legs are important for walking and running. This article focuses on the Tibialis anterior, posterior, Gluteus maximus, and tibialis peroneal. In addition, we will touch on other skeletal muscles in the legs. Read on for more information on each group. Let’s start with the Tibialis anterior. This muscle is located near the distal end of the metatarsals.
The tibialis anterior is a muscle in the lower leg that helps with walking and running. Because of their use, they are prone to injury, trigger points, and chronic overwork. A person suffering from this muscle strain may experience pain in the foot, shin, or ankle. Several causes can be identified, from tendonitis to a muscle tear. Here are some common causes and treatment options for tibialis anterior pain.
The Tibialis posterior muscles are a group of muscles in the posterior compartment of the lower leg. They are the primary inverters of the foot, inserting into the midtarsal and subtalar joints. As a secondary plantar flexor, they are also important in supporting the arch of the foot. They also have other roles within the posterior compartment of the leg. Listed below are some common exercises for the Tibialis posterior muscles.
Tibialis anterior is one of four anterior compartment muscles. The others are the fibularis tertius and extensor digitorum longus. The anterior tibial artery and deep peroneal nerve innervate these muscles. These four muscles help plantarflex the foot at the ankle joint. This chapter provides information on the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Surgical repair of the tendon involves pulling the tendon distally. A single or two suture anchors are used to stabilize the repair.
One of the largest muscle groups in the body, the gluteus maximus controls hip extension and extends the pelvis. During push-off, it propels the body forward and straightens the hips. Pain in this muscle can limit your ability to get up from a chair or climb stairs. You can test the function of gluteus maximus muscles by standing relaxed and clenching your glutes.
The iliotibial band is a group of muscles that descend from the thigh and insert on the lateral tibial plateau. They provide lateral stability and act as a pillar-like structure for the hip and knee joint. Their function is postural in nature, providing lateral stability and helping the pelvis stay stable during locomotion. They are usually not able to flex or extend the knee in all directions, but they do have a few important physiologic functions.
The iliotibial band, or IT band, is a thick, fibrous tendon that runs from the hip to the outer side of the shinbone, just below the knee joint. It works with other muscles in the thigh to stabilize the outside of the knee. In addition to its supportive role in knee stability, the IT band also provides protection to the outer thigh and protects the outer thigh bone. However, if it becomes inflamed or damaged, it may cause a nagging pain on the outside of the knee.