Muscles Cramping – Causes and Remedies

Muscles cramping and spasms are common and easy to diagnose by feeling the pain in the affected area. These cramps can be localized and intense, with a hard and aching sensation upon touching. They may last just a few seconds or last up to 15 minutes. The longer the cramps last, the more sore the affected muscles will be. While these symptoms are common and can be self-relieving, you may want to seek medical attention if you have any serious health issues.

ERMC

A number of factors can cause involuntary muscle contractions, such as dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, and low cellular energy levels. However, recent developments show that muscle cramping can also be caused by hyperactivity of the nerve-muscle reflex arc. This occurs because the central nervous system loses its ability to inhibit reflexes due to fatigue and overuse of feedback communication with the muscles. The ERMC uses the Golgi tendon organs to control spinal reflexes, which can be triggered by lactic acid accumulation and a drop in blood carbon dioxide level.

Overexertion

Overexertion is a common problem for those who engage in repetitive tasks, such as lifting heavy objects or running. The pain associated with overexertion can be sharp, achy, throbbing, or even a burning sensation. It can also indicate a more serious condition, such as an impending heart attack. If you experience overexertion, it is advisable to stop whatever you’re doing and rest for a few hours.

Dehydration

A dehydrated body lacks the fluids it needs to maintain its structure and function, and the result is sluggish blood circulation. In addition, dehydration causes changes in sodium and potassium in the body. Dehydrated muscles can experience painful cramps that can last from seconds to hours. These cramps are most common in leg and calf muscles, where dehydration affects these areas the most. In order to alleviate the pain and prevent future cramping, dehydrated muscles should be replenished. Taking a pinch test is a simple way to check if you’re dehydrated.

Stretching to relieve tension in muscles

Performing stretches to relieve tension in muscles cramping is an easy way to stretch any muscle group, regardless of age or physical fitness. These stretches use gentle rhythmic movement to increase circulation and increase core muscle temperature. You should only stretch your muscles as far as they will go. Try to hold the stretch for at least 15 seconds and then slowly release it. Breathe slowly and naturally throughout the stretch. Do this two or three times a day.

Massage therapy to ease cramps

Whether it’s a painful foot or leg cramp, massage therapy can relieve the discomfort. Applied to specific points, massage can relax tense muscles and improve circulation. Often used as a complementary therapy, massage can ease cramping muscles. However, there are a few important precautions to keep in mind. While you’re at the spa, make sure to communicate your cramps to the therapist.

Physiology of cramps

Physiology of cramps in muscles may include a number of factors. The primary goal of treatment is to alleviate the discomfort of the cramps. Medications are available to reduce cramp intensity and frequency, but they have a range of side effects. Patients should practice stretching to prevent leg cramps, particularly before exercising. They should also drink plenty of liquids and take sports drinks to replace lost electrolytes.

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