The Muscles and Tendons of the Body

muscles of the body

There are several muscles in our bodies. They are classified according to function, structure, location, and tendons. Here we will discuss some of them. They are responsible for various body functions, such as walking, running, and jumping. You can also learn about their tensors and ligaments, which help them in their functions.

Functions

Muscles are a group of tissues in the body that change shape and allow the body to perform specific functions. Each muscle cell is connected to a skeletal structure, and when it contracts it creates a force against the skeleton. Muscle cells are composed of two main proteins, myosin and actin. Myosin attaches to one side of the cell while actin attaches to the other. When these two proteins pull together they shorten the cell.

Structure

Muscles are composed of many fibers that bundle together. Each fiber is surrounded by a tough connective tissue called the epimysium, which is similar to cartilage. Inside the epimysium, nerve cells run in bundles called fascicles. These fascicles are protected by a layer called the perimysium, which allows blood to flow to each individual fiber. Each fiber is then wrapped in an endomysium. These fibers are arranged in a basic pattern.

Location

The human body is composed of a complex system of muscles. These are responsible for posture, movement, and balance. There are approximately 600 different types of muscles. These include cardiac, skeletal, and smooth muscles. These muscles work in conjunction with the brain and nerves to control the body’s movement.

Tendons

Tendons are flexible, strong cords of tissue that connect muscles and other parts of the body. They are composed of collagen, a protein found in the body. The collagen fibres make the tendon strong and flexible, and they make it resistant to impact. The collagen fibres are organized in bundles, or “trichomes,” called endotenonium and epitenonium, which are covered by a thin layer of connective tissue. Within the tendon are specialized fibroblasts that produce a protein called collagen. The collagen molecules make up 65% to 80% of the extracellular matrix. Type I collagen is found in the endotenonium and type II collagen in the epitenonium, respectively. In addition to collagen, the tendons also contain glycoproteins.

Smooth muscles

Smooth muscles are a part of our body that contract without conscious control. They are located in many different organs and help the body move. When these muscles are weak, it can affect our posture and form. In some cases, this can even lead to skeletal collapse. Although these muscles are often deep inside the body, they are very difficult to reach with conventional therapy.

Organs

The organs of the body are made up of different types of tissue and cells. These tissues work to support, protect, and move the body. They also contain nerve and blood-forming tissues. Some of these organs are larger than others and have a variety of shapes. Some are very long and slender. The fibers within these organs are parallel to the long axis of the body. Others have oblique fibers.

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