The muscles of the body are a diverse group of tissues, each with a unique function. From the head and forearm to the thorax and shin, the different kinds of muscles all contribute to a variety of body movements. In this article, we will explore each type of muscle and its role in movement. You will also learn how to identify each one through simple movements. Hopefully, this information will help you choose the right exercises and develop your body’s natural movements.
Muscles that move the head
The muscles in the neck help to balance the head and move it, both unilaterally and bilaterally. Most of these muscles act on the lateral side of the head. The muscles responsible for the lateral movement and rotation of the head are the sternocleidomastoid and longissimus capitis, which run from the vertebrae in the neck to the mastoid process on the temporal bone. If any of these muscles is weak or injured, the head will remain stiff and bowed in a strange position.
There are a number of muscles that move the head, mainly the longissimus capitis and the sternocleidomastoid. The first helps extend the head toward the back, while the latter extends the head to the left and right. While these muscles are essential to proper posture and speech, they are not the only ones involved. Some people also have problems with their posture, which can lead to pain in these muscles.
Muscles that move the forearm
The muscles of the forearm are grouped into three compartments. The superficial compartment contains muscles that flex and extend the forearm’s wrist and fingers. The deep compartment contains muscles that rotate the forearm inward and outward. These muscles include the extensor digitorum longus, the abductor pollicis longus, and the biceps brachii.
Flexor digitorum superficialis is a muscle that originates from the medial epicondyle of the ulna. The tendon inserts on the mid-shaft of the radius. It is the only muscle in the forearm that is intermediate in compartments. Because of its location between the superficial and deep muscle layers, it is an anatomic landmark. Its two heads attach to the medial third of the ulna and the ulnar artery.
Muscles that move the thorax
The muscles of the thorax are two types: indirect and direct. Indirect muscles run on both sides of the thorax. Vertical muscles run from the top to the bottom and compress the thorax to move the wings up. Indirect muscles run from the front to the back, compressing the thorax so that it is shorter than its top portion and taller than its bottom portion. They are referred to as depressors.
The thorax is the area that runs from the neck to the back and contains the heart and lungs. It is protected from external elements by the rib cage and sternum. Respiration is a chemical process that draws in oxygen and expel carbon dioxide. Three sets of muscles move the thorax. Each set of muscles has a different function. These muscles work in a specific order to help the body breathe.
Muscles that move the shin
The shin bone has several muscles that move it. The gastrocnemius, soleus, tibialis anterior, and fibularis are three of them. They move the foot and ankle and form the outer part of the shin. These muscles are involved in extending the foot and inverting it. When you do exercises to strengthen these muscles, you’ll see an improvement in your balance and flexibility.
The shinbone is the major weight-bearing bone in the leg, connecting the knee to the ankle. The front edge lies directly under the skin, with a small protrusion at the lower end. The inner edge of the ankle is formed by the medial malleolus. These two muscles are called the tibialis musculature. The tibia is composed of three compartments: the tibia, the fibula, and the anterior and posterior tibialis.