The Muscles of the Neck and Hyoid Bone

muscles neck

Several muscles are associated with the hyoid bone and vertebral column. The muscles of the neck are often referred to as the “superficial” muscles, and an illustration of these neck muscles can be seen in the illustration below. The muscles of the neck are known as ingrahyoid and suprahyoid. Both of these muscles contribute to the processes of swallowing and speaking. The Interspinales Cervicis and suprahyoid are also involved in these processes.

Interspinales Cervicis muscles aid in the extension of the neck

The Interspinales Cervicis muscle group is composed of paired, short muscles that attach between the adjacent spinous processes. They help in extension of the neck, and the effect they have on the body depends on their location on the vertebral body. When activated unilaterally, intertransversarius muscles aid in lateral flexion and the Interspinales Cervicis muscle group aids in the extension of the neck.

The splenius muscle group assists in extending and rotating the head. The rectus capitis posterior major and minor are responsible for maintaining posture. Interspinales Cervicis muscles aid in the extension of the neck. 68 muscles are located in the neck and face, many of which have similar functions and work together to help us live a good life.

Ingrahyoid and suprahyoid muscles contribute to the processes of speaking and swallowing

The anterior neck includes the hyoid bone and a number of muscles. These muscles control the positioning of the hyoid bone, the horseshoe-shaped bony structure that provides support for the tongue and helps with speech. There are two types of hyoid muscles: the suprahyoid and the infrahyoid. Both are important for the processes of speaking and swallowing.

The ingrahyoid muscle is a short, flat muscle that attaches to the sternothyroid. The suprahyoid muscle is a continuation of the sternothyroid muscle. Ludwig’s angina, which occurs in the floor of the mouth, is a rare form of phlegmon. Paralysis of the ingrahyoid muscles usually presents with difficulties swallowing. These conditions usually arise as a result of traumatic injuries to the cervical spine. Infrahyoid muscles include the digastric, stylohyoid, and mylohyoid.

Common causes of neck pain

One of the most common causes of neck pain is a strain on the muscles. Healthy muscle tissue consists of a multitude of fibers, bundles of myofibrils, and contractile proteins that perform the mechanics of muscle contraction. When a muscle strain occurs, small tears can form in the layers of connective tissue, weakening it and causing pain. The more severe the strain, the greater the inflammation and recovery time.

Some people may experience a neck pain if they are overweight or hunch over for long periods of time. While sitting at a desk, clenching your teeth, lifting heavy objects, or sleeping in an unsupportive position can all cause pain in the neck. In extreme cases, surgery or steroid injections may be necessary. In some cases, a simple rest can alleviate neck pain, but if you suffer from severe neck pain, the best treatment is seeking medical advice.

Love it? Why not sharing?