What Are the Causes of Muscle Pain?

muscles back

Muscle pain is very common and can affect anyone, at any age. Luckily, most cases are not the result of one big fall or sudden, awkward movement. Non-specific muscular strains are usually caused by overactivity and repetitive physical stress, including lifting, twisting, and stretching. Athletes are particularly susceptible to back pain, and everyone can experience stiffness or pain after doing yard work or lifting a heavy object. However, there are several causes of muscle pain and ways to prevent it.

Intrinsic muscles

The intrinsic muscles of the back are the group of muscles responsible for keeping the body in an upright posture during the day. These muscles are also called spinal erectors, and they include the erector spinae. These muscles lie in the spinal column at the upper lumbar vertebrae. They extend the spine to keep it straight, and as a result, they are responsible for creating the sensation of length. The intrinsic back muscles are also responsible for erect posture in many yoga poses, such as prone and belly-down positions.

Superficial muscles

The back is made up of a number of different muscle groups, called the superficial and deep ones. The superficial muscles are attached to the shoulder, ribs and skull, while the deep muscles are deeper and are considered the “rectifier of the body.” They are located between the shoulders and pelvis and are innervated by the somatic nerves. In order to understand the back, we must first know what each group of muscles does.

Deep muscles

The deep muscles of the back are a group of short, deep, and superficial muscles that extend from the base of the skull to the sacrum. These muscles are associated with the spine, including the erector spinae, rotatores, and multifidus. Unlike the superficial muscles, deep back muscles are associated with the spinous processes of the vertebrae. They help maintain the position of the vertebrae and help prevent injuries. However, many of us have no idea what these muscles do for our bodies.

Issues with back muscles

Back pain can be caused by a wide range of problems. In some cases, the problem could be with the spine or muscles. Identifying the source of your pain will help your doctor determine the best course of treatment. When you have a strained muscle, the pain will feel like a sore ache. However, when you have a pulled muscle, the pain will feel electric or hot. It will be most noticeable when you are moving or resting, which may result in limited movement.

Ways to stretch your back

If you want to relax your back muscles and relieve neck pain, you should try some of these stretches. You can do them wherever you are. Begin by sitting upright and bending your knees. To make them easier to do, place a cushion under your head and behind your knee. If you don’t want to get up and stretch your back, you can wrap a towel around your leg and hold that position for five to 10 seconds.

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